Studies on ovarian function in vertebrates.
Department of Biological Sciences, Reproductive and Developmental Biology
Studies on the molecular mechanisms of oogenesis, maturation, ovualtion, and tissue repair after ovulation by using molecular biological, endocrinological, and biochemical approaches.
|Field||Reproductive biology, Biochemistry, Molecular biology, Endocrinology|
|Keyword||Mouse, Medaka, Ovary, Ovulation, Follicle, Follicle selection, Hormone, Protease|
Introduction of Research
We are interested in vertebrate reproduction, especially ovarian function. We are focusing on unknown issues of ovarian function and studying on molecular mechanisms of oogenesis, maturation, ovulation, and tissue repair after ovulation.
Ovary has many follicles and an oocyte grows in the follicle. Follicle consists of an oocyte surrounded by a single or multiple layers of follicular cells which support growth and maturation of the oocyte. The mature fertiliable oocytes are released from ovary into ovarian cavity (ovulation), and the follicular layers remained in the ovary are degraded and removed from the ovary at different speed (depending on species) (Figure 1). Many issues are remained to be studied in the processes. We are studying the issues using mouse and medaka fish. We have studied medaka ovulation mechanism using in vitro culture system. When isolated follicles or whole ovary are cultured in the medium, they can be ovulated in vitro (Figure 2 and 3). We have identified the enzymes (ovulation enzymes) responsible for follicle rupture during ovulation using the system and the molecular mechanism of medaka ovulation has been clarified. The study allows us to challenge to study the unknown issues that are difficult to elucidate because ovulation enzymes have not been identified. We are studying to elucidate the issues and are also challenging to study the molecular mechanism of mouse ovulation and follicle selection (Figure 4). For details of our research topics, please see at our website.
|Affiliated academic society||Zoological Science of Japan, The Japan Society for Comparative Endocrinology|
|Room address||Faculty of Science Building No.5 5-1106|